African American

Contact
Jeanne Cyriaque, African American programs coordinator
jeanne.cyriaque@dnr.state.ga.us or 404-656-4768

Danielle Ross, African American programs intern
danielle.ross@dnr.state.ga.us or 404-657-1054
 

HPD's African American programs staff provide assistance to anyone interested in preserving Georgia's African American historic resources through presentations, site visits and ReflectionsReflections is a periodical featuring African American resources and stories from across Georgia.  GAAHPN received a Leadership in History Award from the American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) for Reflections.


The Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network (GAAHPN)


Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network's (GAAHPN) was established in 1989. In 2000, the Georgia Legislature provided funding for a full-time African American programs coordinator position within HPD to provide staff support to GAAHPN's volunteer steering committee. In 2006, HPD received a National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers (NCSHPO) Award for Excellence in Historic Preservation for establishing the nation's first African American program in a state historic preservation office.

Frequently Asked Questions about African American historic resources.

Why Is Ethnography essential to preservation? - September 2009

Learn more about Georgia's African American historic resources:
Cemeteries
Churches
Districts
Farms
Lodges
Medical
People
Places
Schools
- Rosenwald Schools
Theatres

Cemeteries:
Avondale Burial Place, Rutland, Bibb County - October 2012
Basket Creek Cemetery, Douglas County - June 2009
Chubb Cemetery - July 2013
East End Cemetery; Gospel Pilgrim Cemetery, Athens, Clarke County - February 2005
Flat Rock Cemetery; Lithonia One Cemetery, Lithonia, DeKalb County - February 2005
Oakland, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2011
Paradise Cemetery, Jefferson, Jackson County - June 2003
School Street Cemetery, Washington, Wilkes County - October 2007
South-View Cemetery, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2011

Churches:
Ariel Bowen, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2006
Bean Creek Missionary Baptist, Bean Creek, White County - July 2006
Bearden Temple A.M.E., Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2005
Bethel A.M.E., Acworth, Cobb County - June 2003, June 2014
Chubb Chapel United Methodist Church - July 2013
Evergreen Congregational, Beachton, Grady County - December 2003
First African Baptist, Brunswick, Glynn County - July 2006
First African Baptist Church & Parsonage, Waycross, Ware County - June 2004
First African Missionary Baptist, Bainbridge, Decatur County - June 2003
Green Grove Missionary Baptist , Lumpkin, Stewart County - December 2000
Haven Memorial Methodist Episcopal, Waynesboro, Burke County - June 2009
Hill First Baptist, Athens, Clarke County - July 2008
Jackson Chapel A.M.E., Washington, Wilkes County - July 2006
Level Hill Baptist, Crawfordville, Taliaferro County - February 2005
McCanaan Missionary Baptist, Sardis, Burke County - August 2001
Mt. Calvary Baptist, Bolden, McIntosh County - December 2003
Mt. Zion Baptist, Albany, Dougherty County - December 2007, November 2008
New Hope African Methodist Episcopal, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2009
New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist, Savannah, Chatham County - November 2002
Ochlocknee Missionary Baptist, Grady County - March 2011
Old Stone, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2007
Springfield Baptist, Augusta, Richmond County - June 2002, November 2005
St. Cyprian's Episcopal, Darien, McIntosh County - December 2003
St. James Primitive Baptist, Thomasville, Thomas County - March 2009
St. Paul Presbyterian, Cordele, Crisp County - July 2008
St. Thomas A.M.E., Hawkinsville, Pulaski County - August 2001
Sweet Home Baptist, Bostwick, Morgan County - July 2005
Thankful Baptist, Augusta, Richmond County - December 2011
Thankful Baptist, Waynesboro, Burke County - June 2009
Thomas Grove Baptist, Waynesboro, Burke County- June 2009
 
Districts:
Bostwick, Morgan County - July 2005
Brightwell Shotgun Row, Athens, Clarke County - November 2002
Buckhead, Morgan County - July 2005
Collier Heights, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2009
Dewey City, Thomasville, Thomas County - March 2009
Gillespie Selden, Cordele, Crisp County - July 2008
Pittsburgh, Atlanta, Fulton County - November 2008
Reese Street, Athens, Clarke County - July 2008
Reynoldstown, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2005
Stevens Street, Thomasville, Thomas County - August 2001
Washington Park, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2000
Waynesboro, Burke County - June 2009
West End, Atlanta, Fulton County - September 2002, November 2002
 
Farms:
Caranza Morgan Farm, Sumter County - March 2002
Charleston-Allen Farm, Morgan County - March 2011
Dave Toomer Estate, Houston County - March 2002
Garfield Hall Farm, Bulloch County - March 2011
Gilliard Farms, Glynn County - December 2012
James Fowler Farm, Worth County - December 2000
John & Emma Jane Rountree Farm, Brooks County - February 2001
Kentavia Williams Farm, Thomas County - December 2013
L&M Kinder Farm, Miller County - February 2006
Lewis Clark Farm, Thomas County - December 2000
Nathan Morgan Farm, Sumter County - December 2000
Tullie Smith Farm (museum), Fulton County - March 2009
Zach & Camilla Hubert Farm, Hancock County - November 2002, December 2003

Lodges:
Beulah Grove Lodge No.372, Free and Accepted York Masons, Douglas County, Georgia's African-American Masonic Lodges - February 2010
Chickamauga Lodge #221, Chickamauga, Walker County - March 2008, July 2005
Farmer's Alliance Hall, Sapelo Island, McIntosh County  - April 2006, June 2002

Medical:
Americus Colored Hospital, Americus, Sumter County - March 2011
Charity Hospital, Savannah, Chatham County - March 2011
Georgia B. Williams Nursing Home, Camilla, Mitchell County - August 2010
Georgia Infirmary, Savannah, Chatham County - December 2010
Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2011
MacVicar Hospital, Spelman College, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2011
Old Medical College, Augusta, Richmond County - December 2010
Retreat Plantation Slave Hospital, St. Simons Island, Glynn County - December 2010
Southwest Community Hospital, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2011
Stoney Nurses Home, Augusta, Richmond County - March 2011

People:
The Men at the Meeting with General Sherman - February 2011
Ables, Alfred & Jane; Buena Vista, Marion County - March 2003
Augusta, Alexander T.; Savannah, Chatham County - December 2010
Bacote, Lucia Moore; Atlanta, Fulton County - March 2011
Beasley, Mathilda; Savannah, Chatham County - July 2008
Borders, Beatrice; Camilla, Mitchell County - August 2010
Brazeal, Brasilford Reese; Atlanta, Fulton County - April 2006
Cooper, Ann Nixon; Atlanta, Fulton County - March 2009
Craft, William & Ellen - September 2003, June 2004
Cummings, Sandra; Atlanta, Fulton County - March 2011
Cyriaque, Jeanne; East Point, Fulton County - May 2012, June 2014
Daniel, William & Adeline; Crawfordville, Taliaferro County - February 2005
Davis, Sallie Ellis; Milledgeville, Baldwin County - March 2003 , October 2012
Flipper, Lt. Henry Ossian; Thomasville, Thomas County - August 2001
Funderburg, Dr. Frederick Douglass; Monticello, Jasper County - September 2003, March 2011
Grant, James; Darien, McIntosh County - December 2003
Hadley, Jack; Thomas County - December 2013
Harris, Grandison; Augusta, Richmond County - December 2010
Haynes, March; Savannah, Chatham County - June 2004
Hiram, Dr. Ida Mae; Athens, Clarke County - July 2008
Jordan, Dr. John Henry; Newnan, Coweta County - March 2011
King family; Albany, Dougherty County - November 2008
King, George H.; LaGrange, Troup County - August 2010
King, Horace; Troup County - March 2003
King, John T.; LaGrange, Troup County - August 2010
King, Primus; Columbus, Muscogee County - December 2000
King, Washington W., DeKalb County - March 2003
Marsh, Wiley; LaFayette, Walker County - March 2008
McIntosh County Shouters; Bolden, McIntosh County - December 2003
Miller-Betts, Christine; Augusta, Richmond County - March 2011
Moran, Amelia Dawley; Harris Neck, McIntosh - June 2005
Murphy, Sarah McClendon; Cedartown, Polk County - July 2008
Pinckney, Charles; Athens, Clarke County - June 2014
Powers, Harriet; Clarke County - June 2009
Reliford Sr., Joe; Douglas, Coffee County - June 2002
Roberts, Amy - April 2013
Robinson, Jackie; Cairo, Randolph County - June 2002
Semmons, Dr.; Washington, Wilkes County - July 2006
Shields, Melvinia; Rex, Clayton County - October 2012
Taylor, Susie King; Savannah, Chatham County - December 2010
Thomas, Alma; Columbus, Muscogee County - April 2004
Todd, Henry; Darien, McIntosh County - December 2003
Tubman, Harriet - June 2004
Turner, Bishop Henry McNeal: Forefather of Civil Rights - April 2010
Turner Jr., Rufus N.; Rome, Floyd County - December 2001
Underwood, Katie Hall; Sapelo Island, McIntosh County - March 2011
Van Buren, Dr. Harvey; Statesboro, Bulloch County - March 2011
Wheeler, Dr. Susie; Cassville, Bartow County - October 2007
Wilson, Elizabeth; Decatur, DeKalb County - May 2012
Wingfield, Mango; Washington, Wilkes County - July 2006

Places:
African-American Historic Places and Culture: A Preservation Resource Guide for Georgia - 1993
Historic Black Resources: A Handbook for the Identification, Documentation and Evaluation of Historic African-American Properties in Georgia
- 1984
Georgia: A Leader in African American Properties Listed in the National Register of Historic Places - February 2011
The Slave Dwelling Project Comes to Georgia - July 2013

1906 Atlanta Race Riot , Atlanta, Fulton County - April 2007
APEX Museum, Atlanta, Fulton County - November 2004
Atlanta Historic Resources Survey, Atlanta, Fulton County - March 2002
Augusta, Richmond County - July 2007
Bean Creek, White County - July 2006
Belair Hills Estates, Augusta Richmond County - December 2013
Black Patriots Monument, Wilkes County - April 2013
Chubbtown - July 2013
Flat Rock Archives, Lithonia, DeKalb County - March 2008
Fort Pulaski, Chatham County - June 2004
Georgia Sea Island Festival - June 2010
Hamilton Plantation Slave Cabins, St. Simons Island, Glynn County - June 2003
Herndon Home, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2000
Madison, Morgan County - June 2003
McIntosh County - December 2003
Ossabaw Island, Chatham County -  December 2011
Pebble Hill Plantation, Thomas County - August 2001
Phyllis Wheatley Club, Lowndes County - December 2012
Plains, Sumter County - March 2002
Sapelo Island, McIntosh County - February 2001, September 2003
Sautee Nacoochee African American Heritage Site Unveiled at Folk Life Festival - August 2011
Sparta, Hancock County - August 2001
(external link) Springfield, Augusta, Richmond County
St. Simons Island, Glynn County - September 2002
statewide traveling exhibit - New Harmonies: Celebrating American Roots Music - May 2012

Schools:

Equalization Schools - 1952-1970:
Georgia equalization schools were constructed as a result of the Minimum Foundation Program for Education passed by the Georgia State Legislature in 1949.  Implementation of this program did not begin until 1951, when the legislature enacted a three percent retail sales tax to fund this initiative, and the State School Building Authority was created to construct the school buildings.  "Equalization" refers to the doctrine of “separate but equal”, in which the separation of races continued in many of Georgia’s school systems until 1970. 

Equalization Schools in Georgia's African-American Communities, 1951-1970 by Steven Moffson, architectural historian, Historic Preservation Division, Georgia Department of Natural Resources - September 20, 2010

Georgia's Equalization Schools - August 2010
Hunting for Equalization Schools - March 2011
Desegregation of Public Education in Georgia-One Year Afterward by R.O. Johnson, The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 24, No.3, Summer 1955, 228-247.

Blakeney High, Waynesboro, Burke County - June 2009
Douglass High, Thomasville, Thomas County - March 2009
Frederick Douglass High, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2009
Isaiah P. Reynolds Elementary, Atlanta, Fulton County - July 2005
J.D. Dickerson, Vidalia, Toombs County - December 2009
Martin Elementary, Bronwood, Terrell County - July 2008
Main High, Rome, Floyd County - December 2001, December 2003, October 2007
Pinevale High School, Valdosta, Lowndes County - December 2013
Todd-Grant Elementary, Darien, McIntosh County - December 2003
Vienna High and Industrial School, Dooly County - April 2013
Watkinsville School - July 2013

Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCUs):
Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, Peach County - December 2000, December 2010
Morehouse College, Atlanta, Fulton County - April 2006
Savannah State University, Savannah, Chatham County - November 2005
Spelman College, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2006
Paine College - April 2013

other schools:
Alapaha, Alapaha, Berrien County - December 2000, March 2003
Athens High & Industrial, Athens, Clarke County - July 2008
Bethlehem Baptist Church Colored, Harris County - June 2009
Cherry Grove, Washington, Wilkes County - July 2006
Crogman Elementary, Atlanta, Fulton County - December 2006, November 2008
Dorchester Academy, Midway, Liberty County - March 2002, November 2004
Eddy, Milledgeville, Baldwin County - March 2003
Evergreen, Beachton, Grady County - December 2003
Georgia School for the Deaf, Cave Spring, Floyd County - February 2006
Green Grove, Lumpkin, Stewart County - December 2000
Hubbard, Forsyth, Monroe County - December 2001, July 2007
New Hope, Washington, Wilkes County - July 2006
Peabody, Eastman, Dodge County - June 2004
Powell Chapel, Newnan, Coweta County - June 2003
Wallace Grove School, Morgan County - October 2012

Rosenwald Schools - 1915-1937:
Saving Georgia's Rosenwald Schools is an important initiative for HPD's African American programs staff. They are currently surveying and documenting these endangered historic resources. Staff also provide technical assistance to numerous preservation groups that are finding new uses for the more than 50 buildings still standing.

Between 1915 and 1937, the Julius Rosenwald Fund provided funding and plans for the construction of 259 schools throughout the state. To date, approximately four dozen of the Georgia schools have been identified. The fund had a significant impact upon the advancement of African American education in the state of Georgia, and was a welcome relief for the state's African American population that had long endured the hardships and injustices imposed by the South's segregated public education system. In addition to assisting with the construction of new school buildings, the fund also advocated extending the school term for black students, increasing compensation received by black educators, subsidizing transportation for black students, and supporting the development of libraries.

Rosenwald-funded schools varied in size from small one-teacher schools to large 11-teacher facilities that offered instruction from first grade through high school. In the funds early years, wood-frame, one-story, one- and two-teacher schools were the most common. In later years, larger schools constructed of brick were built with greater frequency, though always in much smaller numbers than the wood-framed rural schools. Rosenwald schools were built according to standardized plans that were produced by the Rosenwald Fund. The fund required a two-acre campus that often included teachers homes, industrial vocational buildings, privies, and athletic fields in addition to the school.

The historic context Rosenwald Schools in Georgia, 1912-1937 was approved by the National Register of Historic Places on August 17, 2009. The context will facilitate the nomination of Georgia's extant Rosenwald schools to the National Register by property owners, historical societies, and community groups. Rosenwald Schools in Georgia, 1912-1937 is the result of several years of research by Jeanne Cyriaque, African American Programs Coordinator at HPD and is part of a larger initiative to identify, document, and preserve the remaining Rosenwald schools in the state. The context also provides a detailed factual account of the Rosenwald Fund's specific impact in Georgia and places its significance within the broader framework of black education in the state.

Rosenwald School Historic Property Information Form (RS-HPIF) -
INSTRUCTIONS: This form is ONLY for nominating Rosenwald Schools. The Historic Preservation Division has background information about Julius Rosenwald and the Rosenwald school program in Georgia so please write about your specific school and its specific history. 

For more information about Rosenwald Schools in other states, please visit the Rosenwald Schools Initiative Task Force section of the National Trust for Historic Preservation website.

Award-Winning Preservation: People and Partnerships Come Together to Save Rosenwald Schools - Read Jeanne Cyriaque's blogpost from February 8, 2011 on the National Trust's website.  Jeanne was a recipient of a 2010 Honor Award from the National Trust for the Initiative to Save Rosenwald Schools, Southern United States - National Trust Presents Honor Award to HPDs Jeanne Cyriaque - November 2010

Barney Colored Elementary School, Brooks County - June 2014
Blackshear, Blackshear, Pierce County - November 2004
Colored Memorial/Risley High, Brunswick, Glynn County - September 2003
Dock Kemp, Wrightsville, Johnson County - November 2004
Douglass High, Thomasville, Thomas County - March 2009
Eleanor Roosevelt, Warm Springs, Meriwether County - April 2004
Hiram Colored, Hiram, Paulding County - August 2001
Kinlaw, Kinlaw, Camden County - November 2004
Manchester, Manchester, Meriwether County - November 2005
Noble Hill, Cassville, Bartow County - August 2001, April 2004, April 2007
Omaha, Omaha, Stewart County - November 2005
Pleasant Grove, Kensington, Walker County - March 2008
Powell Hall, Savannah, Chatham County - November 2005
Smithville, Smithville, Lee County - November 2005
Summer Hill, Cartersville, Bartow County - April 2007
T.J. Elder, Sandersville, Washington County - August 2001, April 2006
Tallahassee Hazlehurst, Hazlehurst, Jeff Davis County - November 2004
Todd-Grant Elementary, Darien, McIntosh County - December 2003
Unity Grove, Henry County - December 2012
Vienna High & Industrial, Vienna, Dooly County - April 2004, March 2009
Walter B. Hill Industrial, Turin, Coweta County - June 2003
Watkinsville Rosenwald School - July 2013

Theatres:
Albany Theatre, Albany, Dougherty County - May 2001
Douglass Theatre, Macon, Bibb County - May 2001 May 2012
Liberty Theatre, Columbus, Muscogee County - May 2001
Morton Building/Theatre, Athens, Clarke County - May 2001, June 2002


External links
Cultural Resources Diversity Program - The National Park Services' Cultural Resources Diversity Program develops and administers the Cultural Resources Diversity Internship Program, publishes the newsletter Heritage Matters, participates in conferences and consults on diversity topics, conducts research projects on cultural diversity issues, and develops curriculum materials on cultural resources/historic preservation for colleges and universities, targeting minority schools.

Official website of the Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, a National Heritage Area designated by the U.S. Congress in 2006.  The corridor includes the barrier islands and coastal regions of Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina.

National Register of Historic Places travel itineraries featuring African American resources and places
Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor
Along the Georgia-Florida Coast
Atlanta
We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement